Wednesday, May 18, 2016

12 Most Unusual Bridges of the World

12.Kawazu-Nanadaru Loop Bridge, Japan

Kawazu-Nanadaru Loop Bridge
photo sourceTheKawazu-Nanadaru Loop Bridgeconsists of two spirals, ch1.1 km long, 80-meter in diameter - the only way for traffic to get down the mountainside into the valley, too steep for any other usual road-building source
The busy Route 414 serves the weekend crowd from Tokyo, intent to wind down at the hot springs resort of the Izu Peninsula. The "winding down" bit obviously starts at this bridge.Built in 1981, the double-spiral structure demands careful driving - the speed limit on the bridge is only30 km/h, which also helps to better enjoy the views.
11.Huri Bridge, Japan

photo sourceThis unique circular pedestrian bridge is loed at the foot of the Hiyoshi damnr Kyoto, Japan. It is part of Hiyoshi Spring sparesort and was designed by Japanese architect Norihiko Dan, who also planned thelandscaping of the spa resort and park.

photo sourceBuilt in1998the bridge known as'Friendship Bridge' has adiameterof 80 metres.

10.Wind-Rain Bridge, China
Chengyang Wind-Rain Bridge
photo sourceTheChengyang Bridge or Chengyang Wind-Rain Bridge, Liuzhou, Guangxi Province (very north of Guangzi), People's Republic ofChina. It's in Dong Minority Region.It's a special covered bridge and one of Fengyu Bridges (a special bridge type in local Dong Minority Region). It was completed in 1916. It has many other names including Yongji Bridge and Panlong Bridge.
photo source
The bridge is a perfect combination of painting, bridge, corridor, veranda and Chinese pavilion. It has two platforms (at the two ends of the bridge),3 piers, and 4 spans, 5 pavilions, 19 verandas, and three floors. The piers are made of stone, the upper structures are mainly wooden, and the roofs are covered with tiles. The bridge has wooden handrails on both sides.The bridge has atotal length of 64.4 meters, and its corridor has a width of 3.4 meters. The net height above the river is about 10 meters.

9.Ponte Vecchio, Italy
photo source
The Ponte Vecchio is a Medieval bridgeover the Arno River, in Florence, Italy,noted for still having shops built alongit, as was once common. Butchers initially occupied the shops; the present tenants are jewellers, art dlers and souvenir sellers. It has been described as Europe's oldest wholly-stone, closed-spandrel segmental arch bridge, but there are far older segmental arch bridges such as Alconétar Bridge.

photo source
The bridgefirst apprsin a document of996.The bridge consists of three segmental arches: themain arch has a span of30 meters (98 ft)the two side arches ch span 27 meters (88 ft). The rise of the arches is between 3.5 and 4.4 meters (11½ to 14½ feet), and the span-to-rise ratio 5:1.

8. Langkawi Sky Bridge, Malaysia
photo sourceLangkawi Sky Bridgeis a125 metrecurved pedestrian cable-stayed bridge. It is loed700m above s levelat the pk of Gunung Mat Chinchang on Pulau Langkawi, an island in the Langkawi archipelago in Kedah.The Langkawi Sky Bridge is accessible by the Langkawi Cable Car.

photo sourceThe Langkawi sky-bridge in Malaysia offermagnificent views of the Andaman S and Thailand’s Tarutao Island. The Andaman S and Thailand’s Tarutao Island can be seen in the distance. Platforms at ch end allow the visitors to take a brther before venturing across. There are also signs telling visitors to get off the bridge quickly in the event of an electrical storm.

7.Aiola Island Bridge, Austria
photo source
Loed in the center of the Mur river inGraz, Austria, it has a sunbathing ar, a trendy bar and a coffee house.Aiola Island Bridge is a unique offering of coolest bridge cum bar. Known as ‘Aiola Island’, it is positioned right in the hrt of the Mur River in Graz, Austria. The island wasbuilt in 2003by a New-York based artist Vito Acconci.
Aiola island-bridge bar in Austria
photo source
This exclusive installed masterpiece got the deserving attention within months. It ftures asunbathing ar, fashionable bar and a coffee housnd also allows you an access to cross the Mur river from one shore to other. I haven’t come such an elite masterpiece before.
6.Tianjin Eye bridge, China
photo source
It is a gigantic Ferris wheel built on Yongle Bridge over the Haihe river. It can lift people 120m up into the air.Tianjin Eye is a120m-tall (110m-diameter)Ferris wheel built on the Chihai Bridge over the Hai River in Tianjin, China. It is claimed to be the only such wheel to have been constructed over a bridge.
Construction started in 2007 (main body completed on 2008-Dec-18) and it opened to the public in on 2008-Apr-07. The electric-powered wheel has 48 capsules, ch with a capacity of 8 passengers, and takes 30 minutes to complete a rotation, giving acapacity of 768 passengersper hour.

Tianjin Eye at night
photo sourceAt the time of construction, only the 135m London Eye and 160 m Star of Nanchang were taller, however even larger wheels have since been built, including the 165m Singapore Flyer, and the 185m Grt Berlin Wheel and 208m Beijing Grt Wheel are under construction.
5. Henderson Waves, Singapore
photo source

At a height of 36 meters or 12 storeys from the road, it's the highest pedestrian bridge inSingapore.Henderson Waves is a274-metre (900 ft) longpedestrian bridge. At 36 metres (120 ft) above Henderson Road, it is the highest pedestrian bridge in Singapore. It connects Mount Faber Park and Telok Blangah Hill Park.
Henderson Waves at night
photo sourceThe bridge has a wave-form made up of seven undulating curved steel ribs that alternately rise over and under its deck. The curved ribs form alcoves that function as shelters with sts within. Slats of yellow balau wood, an all-wther timber found in South-st Asia, are used in the decking. Thewave-forms are lit with LED lightat night from 7pm to 2am daily.

4.Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line, Japan

photo sourceTheTokyo Bay Aqua-Line, also known as the Trans-Tokyo Bay Highway, is abridge-tunnel combination across Tokyo Bay in Japan. It connects the city of Kawasaki in Kanagawa Prefecture with the city of Kisarazu in Chiba Prefecture, and forms part of National Route 409. With an overall length of 14 km, it includes a 4.4 km bridge and 9.6 km tunnel undernth the bay—the fourth-longest underwater tunnel in the world.

photo sourceAt the bridge-tunnel crossover point, there is an artificial island called Umihotaru with a rest ar consisting ofrestaurants, shops and amusement facilities. Air is supplied to the tunnel by a distinctive tower in the middle of the tunnel, called the Kaze no Tō, which uses the bay's almost-constant winds as a power source.The road opened on December 18, 1997 after 31 yrs of construction at a cost of11.2 billion USDat the time of opening.The Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line reduced the drive between Chiba and Kanagawa, two important industrial regions, from 90 to 15 minutes.

3. Falkirk Wheel, Scotland

photo sourceIt restored navigability across Scotland on the historic Forth & Clyde Canal and Union Chanal.The Falkirk Wheel is arotating boat liftconnecting the Forth and Clyde Canal with the Union Canal. It is named after the nrby town of Falkirk in central Scotland. The two canals were previously connected by a series of 11 locks, but by the 1930s these had fallen into disuse, were filled in and the land built upon.
photo sourceThe Millennium Commission decided to reerate the canals of central Scotland toconnect Glasgow with Edinburghonce more. Designs were submitted for a lock to link the canals, with the Falkirk Wheel design winning. As with many Millennium Commission projects the site includes a visitors' centre containing a shop, café and exhibition centre.

Falkirk Wheel at work ( below):

2.Banpo Bridge, South Kor
photo sourceTheBanpo Bridgeis a major bridge in downtownSeoulover the Han River, South Kor, connecting the Seocho and Yongsan districts. Banpo Bridge is on top of Jamsu Bridge, forming a"double deck" bridge. When the water level rises too high, the Jamsu Bridge becomes covered with water and gets closed off. The lower deck incorporates pedestrian and bicycle paths that provide sy access to the Banpo Hangang Park from the north side of the river. Banpo Bridge is a girder bridge and was completed in 1982.
photo sourceThe bridge has 38 water pumps and 380 nozzles on either side, which draw190 tons of waterper minute from the river20 metersbelow the deck, and shoots as far as43 metershorizontally.

Bridge - Fountain at work ( below):

1.Magdeburg Water Bridge, Germany
photo sourceThe Germans took over 80 yrs to build this918m bridgeover Elbe river nr the town ofMagdeburg.Canal engineers had first conceived of joining the two waterways as far back as 1919, and by 1938 the Rothensee boat lift and bridge anchors were in place, but construction was postponed during World War II. After the Cold War split Germany, the project was put on hold indefinitely by the st German government.
photo sourceWith the reunifiion of Germany and major establishment of water transport routes made theWater Bridg priority again. Workstarted in 1997, with construction taking six yrs and costing €500 million. The water bridge now connects Berlin’s inland harbour network with the ports along the Rhine river. The aqueduct's trough structure incorporates 24,000 tonnes of steel and 68,000 cubic meters of concrete.Until the opening of the water bridge in October 2003, ships moving between the Midland Canal and the Elbe-Havel Canal used a 12-kilometre, through the Rothensee lock, along the River Elbe and back up Niegripp lock.

Source: The World Geography

No comments:

Post a Comment