Wednesday, May 18, 2016


Mayotte Population: 216,306
BackgroundMayotte was ceded to France along with the other islands of the Comoros group in 1843. It was the only island in the archipelago that voted in 1974 to retain its link with France and forego independence.
Map data ©2009 Europa Technologies - Terms of Use
GeographyPart of Comoro Archipelago (18 islands).Loion:Southern Indian Ocn, island in the Mozambique Channel, about half way between northern Madagascar and northern MozambiqueGeographic coordinates:12 50 S, 45 10 r:total: 374 sq km
land: 374 sq km
water: 0 sq kmSize comparison: slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries:0 kmCoastline:185.2 kmMaritime claims:territorial s: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy sson during northstern monsoon (November to May); dry sson is cooler (May to November)Terrain:erally undulating, with deep ravines and ancient volcanic pksElevation extremes:lowest point: Indian Ocn 0 m
highest point: Benara 660 mNatural resources:NEGLLand use:arable land: NA%
permanent crops: NA%
other: NA%Irrigated land:NANatural hazards:cyclones during rainy ssonCurrent Environment Issues:NA
PeoplePopulation:216,306 (July 2008 est.)Age structure:0-14 yrs: 45.5% (male 49,521/female 48,996)
15-64 yrs: 52.7% (male 61,267/female 52,641)
65 yrs and over: 1.8% (male 1,971/female 1,910) (2008 est.)Median age:total: 17.2 yrs
male: 18.1 yrs
female: 16.2 yrs (2008 est.)Population growth rate:3.465% (2008 est.)Birth rate:39.79 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)Dth rate:7.36 dths/1,000 population (2008 est.)Net migration rate:2.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 yrs: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 yrs: 1.16 male(s)/female
65 yrs and over: 1.03 male(s)/female
total population: 1.09 male(s)/female (2008 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 57.88 dths/1,000 live births
male: 63.59 dths/1,000 live births
female: 52 dths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 62.54 yrs
male: 60.3 yrs
female: 64.85 yrs (2008 est.)Total fertility rate:5.6 children born/woman (2008 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - dths:NANationality:noun: Mahorais (singular and plural)
adjective: MahoranEthnic groups:NAReligions:Muslim 97%, Christian (mostly Roman holic) 3%Languages:Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French (official language) spoken by 35% of the populationLiteracy:NA
GovernmentCountry name:conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Mayotte
conventional short form: MayotteGovernment type:NACapital:name: Mamoudzou
geographic coordinates: 12 46 S, 45 13 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahd of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:none (territorial overss collectivity of France)Independence:none (territorial overss collectivity of France)National holiday:Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)Constitution:4 October 1958 (French Constitution)Legal system:the laws of France, where applicable, applySuffrage:18 yrs of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by Prefect Denis ROBIN (since 28 July 2008)
hd of government: President of the eral Council Ahmed Attoumani DOUCHINA (since March 2008)
cabinet: NA
elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-yr term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; president of the eral Council elected by the members of the eral Council for a six-yr term; next election to be held in 2010Legislative branch:unicameral eral Council or Conseil eral (19 sts; members are elected by popular vote to serve three-yr terms)
elections: last held 9 and 16 March 2008 (next to be held in 2011)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; sts by party - UMP 8, Diverse Right 4, independents 4, Citizens and Republic Movement 1, Democratic Movement 1, Diverse Left 1; note - political parties are all French
note: Mayotte elects two members of the French Senate; elections last held 21 September 2008 (next to be held in September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; sts by party - UC-UDF 1, UMP 1; Mayotte also elects one member to the French National Assembly; elections last held 10-17 June 2007 (next to be held in 2012); results - percent of vote by party - NA; sts by party - independent 1Judicial branch:Supreme Court or Tribunal Superieur d'AppelPolitical parties and lders:Democratic Front or FD [Youssouf MOUSSA]; Mahoran Popular Movement or MPM [Ahmed MADI]; Federation of Mahorans or UMP-RPR [Mansour KAMARDINE]; Force of the Rally and the Alliance for Democracy or FRAP; Movement for Department Status Mayotte or MDM [Mouhoutar SALIM]; Renewed Communist Party of Mayotte or MRC [Omar SIMBA]; Socialist Party or PS [Ibrahim ABUBACAR] (local branch of French Parti Socialiste); Union for French Democracy or UDF [Henri JN-BAPTISTE]Political pressure groups and lders:NAInternational organization participation:InOC, UPU, WFTUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (territorial overss collectivity of France)
none (territorial overss collectivity of France)
EconomyEconomic activity is based primarily on the agricultural sector, including fishing and livestock raising. Mayotte is not self-sufficient and must import a large portion of its food requirements, mainly from France. The economy and future development of the island are hvily dependent on French financial assistance, an important supplement to GDP. Mayotte's remote loion is an obstacle to the development of tourism.GDP (purchasing power parity):$953.6 million (2005 est.)GDP (official exchange rate):$NAGDP - rl growth rate:NA%GDP - per capita (PPP):$4,900 (2005 est.)GDP - composition by sector:agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%Labor force:44,560 (2002)Labor force - by occupation:
Unemployment rate:25.4% (2005)Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%Inflation rate (consumer prices):1.7% (2005)Budget:revenues: $420 million
expenditures: $394 million (2005)Agriculture - products:
Industries:newly crted lobster and shrimp industry, constructionIndustrial production growth rate:
Electricity - production:NA kWhElectricity - consumption:139.2 million kWh (2005)Exports:$6.5 million f.o.b. (2005)Exports - commodities:ylang-ylang (perfume essence), vanilla, copra, coconuts, coffee, cinnamonImports:$341 million f.o.b.; note - excludes petroleum imports (2005)Imports - commodities:food, machinery and equipment, transportation equipment, metals, chemicalsDebt - external:$NAMarket value of publicly traded shares:$NACurrency ():euro (EUR)Exchange rates:euros (EUR) per US dollar - 0.6734 (2008 est.), 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004)Fiscal yr:calendar yr
CommuniionsTele in use:10,000 (2002)Cellular in use:48,100 (2005)Telephone system:eral assessment: small system administered by French Department of Posts and Telecommuniions
domestic: NA
international: country - 262; microwave radio relay and HF radiotelephone communiions to ComorosRadio broadcast stations:AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (2001)Television broadcast stations:3 (2001)Internet country :.ytInternet hosts:1 (2008)Internet users:NA
TransportationAirports:1 (2007)Airports (paved runways):total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)Roadways:
Ports and terminals:Dzaoudzi
MilitaryDefense is the responsibility of France; a small contint of French forces is stationed on the island

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