Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Protest exposes Silicon Valley-Hollywood rivalry

LOS ANGELES (AP) — In a move that heightens the growing tension between Silicon Valley and Hollywood, Wikipedia and other websites went dark Wednesday in protest of two congressional proposals intended to thwart the online piracy of copyrighted and programs.
The web-based encyclopedia is part of a loose coalition of dot-coms and large technology companies that fr Congress is prepared to side with Hollywood and enact extreme msures — possibly including the blocking of entire websites— to stop the online sharing and unauthorized use of Hollywood productions.The fight will test which California-based industry has the most sway in Washington.This screen shot shows the home page A campaign whose backers include tech hvyweights like Google Inc. and Yahoo Inc. has successfully portrayed the bills _ the Stop Online Piracy Act and Protect lectual Property Act _ as an attack on a free and open Internet rather than a way to protect the jobs of Americans in the and music industries, in a protest Wenesday, Jan. 18, 2012. (AP Photo/
For now, Silicon Valley apprs to have the upper hand. Supporters of the legislation — called the Stop Online Piracy Act in the House and the Protect lectual Property Act in the Senate — say the bills are aimed at protecting jobs in the and music industries. But a campaign including tech hvyweights such as Google Inc. and Yahoo Inc. has successfully portrayed the bills as an attack on a free and open Internet.
"It has nothing to do with stolen songs or ," said Justin Ruben, executive director of, which is participating in the blackout. Ruben says tougher legislation — even directed overss — could make domestic cultural commentators more prone to legal attack.
The one-day outage by Wikipedia, Reddit and other sites was timed to coincide with House and Senate committee hrings as they prepare to send the bills to the full floor for debate.
However, sponsor Rep. Lamar Smith, a Texas Republican, moved last week to remove a controversial provision from the House bill that could force Internet service providers to interfere with the way Web addresses work for foreign sites deemed to be dedied to online piracy. He postponed work on the msure until February.
Critics believe such tinkering with core Internet technology trds into dangerous territory that could ld to online censorship. It might also give s a new way to wrk havoc.
The White House raised concerns that the bills could stifle innovation. Over the weekend, the Obama administration rcted to two online petitions, saying it "will not support legislation that reduces freedom of expression, incrses cybersecurity risk, or undermines the dynamic, innovative global Internet."
At the same time, the administration called on all sides to "pass sound legislation this yr that provides prosecutors and rights holders new legal tools to combat online piracy originating beyond U.S. borders."
That nuanced stance is President Barack Obama's attempt at "thrding the needle" between two important constituencies as he seeks re-election in November, said Jeffrey Silva, a technology policy analyst at Medley Global Advisors in Washington.
On the one hand, his administration has defended a free, open Internet as it watched repressive regimes fall in the Middle st with help from social media such as Twitter. It has also been a proponent of the concept of "net neutrality," which prevents Internet service providers from slowing online traffic that comes from file-sharing sites known to trade in pirated content.
On the other hand, Obama and other Democrats have gone to Hollywood dozens of times to raise campaign funds over the yrs."The administration is trying to fight to protect the Internet space," Silva said. "But at the same time, it doesn't want to disenfranchise Hollywood and the business community."
Indeed, behind the protests and public posturing, both Hollywood and Silicon Valley spend erously to lobby causes in Washington. According to the Center for Responsive Politics, the , television and music industries spent a combined $91.7 million on lobbying efforts in 2011, compared with the computer and Internet industry's $93 million.
In the 2012 election cycle, the , television and music industry offered up $7.7 million in direct campaign contributions to congressional candidates. The computer and Internet industry contributed $6.6 million.
Despite the uproar on websites and blogs, PIPA remains firmly in play. Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Lhy said Tuesday that he intends to push the bill toward a floor vote on Jan. 24. He said much of the criticism of the bill is "flatly wrong."
It remains to be seen whether the two industries can come to the table and negotiate a compromise.
"There are good companies, and then there are companies simply out to preserve the Wild West, free-to-stl business model," said Recording Industry Association of America CEO Cary Sherman. He expects to know "within the next few weeks" whether the legislation can survive.
Lawmakers may have a personal incentive to keep online piracy on the nation's political radar, said Fred Wertheimer, president of Democracy 21, a non-partisan government-accountability watchdog. If the issue stays alive through the current election cycle, it may help bring in campaign contributions from high-tech donors and Hollywood later this yr.
The issue "becomes an opportunity for raising more money from these groups," Wertheimer said. "If you're into an important issue and money is flowing in on both sides, then both sides can up the ante."
Source: The Associated Press

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