Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island Population: 2,128
BackgroundTwo British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.
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GeographyMost of the 32 km coastline consists of almost inaccessible cliffs, but the land slopes down to the s in one small southern ar on Sydney Bay, where the capital of Kingston is situated.Loion:Ocnia, island in the South Pacific Ocn, st of AustraliaGeographic coordinates:29 02 S, 167 57 r:total: 34.6 sq km
land: 34.6 sq km
water: 0 sq kmSize comparison: about 0.2 times the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries:0 kmCoastline:32 kmMaritime claims:territorial s: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nmClimate:subtropical; mild, little ssonal temperature variationTerrain:volcanic formation with mostly rolling plainsElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocn 0 m
highest point: Mount Bates 319 mNatural resources:fishLand use:arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)Irrigated land:NANatural hazards:typhoons (especially May to July)Current Environment Issues:NA
PeoplePopulation:2,128 (July 2008 est.)Age structure:0-14 yrs: 20.2%
15-64 yrs: 63.9%
65 yrs and over: 15.9% (2007 est.)Median age:
Population growth rate:0.006% (2008 est.)Birth rate:NA (2008 est.)Dth rate:NA (2008 est.)Net migration rate:NA (2008 est.)Sex ratio:NAInfant mortality rate:total: NA
male: NA
female: NA (2008 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: NA
male: NA
female: NA (2008 est.)Total fertility rate:NA (2008 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - dths:NANationality:noun: Norfolk Islander(s)
adjective: Norfolk Islander(s)Ethnic groups:descendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zlander, PolynesianReligions:Anglican 31.8%, Roman holic 11.5%, Uniting Church in Australia 10.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.2%, other Christian 5.6%, none 19.9%, unspecified 16.6% (2006 census)Languages:English (official), Norfolk - a mixture of 18th century English and ancient TahitianLiteracy:NA
GovernmentCountry name:conventional long form: Territory of Norfolk Island
conventional short form: Norfolk IslandGovernment type:NACapital:name: Kingston
geographic coordinates: 29 03 S, 167 58 E
time difference: UTC+11.5 (16.5 hours ahd of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:none (territory of Australia)Independence:none (territory of Australia)National holiday:Bounty Day (commemorates the arrival of Pitcairn Islanders), 8 June (1856)Constitution:Norfolk Island Act of 1979, as amended in 2005Legal system:based on the laws of Australia, local ordinances and acts; English common law applies in matters not covered by either Australian or Norfolk Island lawSuffrage:18 yrs of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by the Australian governor eral
hd of government: Acting Administrator Owen WALSH (since October 2007)
cabinet: Executive Council is made up of four of the nine members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy and acts as an advisor to the administrator
elections: the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor eral of Australia and represents the monarch and AustraliaLegislative branch:unicameral Legislative Assembly (9 sts; members elected by electors who have nine equal votes ch but only four votes can be given to any one candidate; to serve three-yr terms)
elections: last held 21 March 2007 (next to be held by 28 March 2010)
election results: sts - independents 9 (note - no political parties)Judicial branch:Supreme Court; Court of Petty SessionsPolitical parties and lders:nonePolitical pressure groups and lders:noneInternational organization participation:UPUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (territory of Australia)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (territory of Australia)
EconomyTourism, the primary economic activity, has stdily incrsed over the yrs and has brought a level of prosperity unusual among inhabitants of the Pacific islands. The agricultural sector has become self-sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.GDP (purchasing power parity):$NAGDP (official exchange rate):
GDP - rl growth rate:
GDP - per capita (PPP):
GDP - composition by sector:
Labor force:NALabor force - by occupation:agriculture: 10%
industry and services: 90%Unemployment rate:
Population below poverty line:
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Budget:revenues: $4.6 million
expenditures: $4.8 million (FY99/00)Agriculture - products:
Industries:tourism, light industry, rdy mixed concreteIndustrial production growth rate:
Electricity - production:NA kWhElectricity - consumption:NA kWhExports:$1.5 million f.o.b. (FY91/92)Exports - commodities:postage stamps, seeds of the Norfolk Island pine and Kentia palm, small quantities of avocadosImports:$17.9 million c.i.f. (FY91/92)Imports - commodities:NADebt - external:$NACurrency ():Australian dollar (AUD)Exchange rates:Australian dollars (AUD) per US dollar - 1.2059 (2008 est.), 1.2137 (2007), 1.3285 (2006), 1.3095 (2005), 1.3598 (2004)Fiscal yr:1 July - 30 June
CommuniionsTele in use:2,532; note - a mix of analog (2500) and digital (32) circuits (2004)Cellular in use:0; note - proposed cellular service disallowed in August 2002 island referendum (2002)Telephone system:eral assessment: adequate
domestic: free local calls
international: country - 672; unders coaxial cable links with Australia and New Zland; satellite rth station - 1Radio broadcast stations:AM 1, FM 3, shortwave 0 (2005)Television broadcast stations:1 (local programming station plus 2 repters that air Australian programs by satellite) (2005)Internet country :.nfInternet hosts:51 (2008)Internet users:700 (2002 est.)
TransportationAirports:1 (2007)Airports (paved runways):total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)Roadways:total: 80 km
paved: 53 km
unpaved: 27 km (2008)Ports and terminals:none; loading jetties at Kingston and Cascade
MilitaryDefense is the responsibility of Australia

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