Wednesday, May 18, 2016


Samoa Population: 217,083«BackgroundNew Zland occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbrk of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962, when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the "Western" from its name in 1997.
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GeographyOccupies an almost central position within Polynesia.Loion:Ocnia, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocn, about half way between Hawaii and New ZlandGeographic coordinates:13 35 S, 172 20 WAr:total: 2,944 sq km
land: 2,934 sq km
water: 10 sq kmSize comparison: slightly smaller than Rhode Island
Land Boundaries:0 kmCoastline:403 kmMaritime claims:territorial s: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical; rainy sson (November to April), dry sson (May to October)Terrain:two main islands (Savaii, Upolu) and several smaller islands and uninhabited islets; narrow coastal plain with volcanic, rocky, rugged mountains in interiorElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocn 0 m
highest point: Mauga Silisili (Savaii) 1,857 mNatural resources:hardwood forests, fish, hydropowerLand use:arable land: 21.13%
permanent crops: 24.3%
other: 54.57% (2005)Irrigated land:NANatural hazards:occasional typhoons; active volcanismCurrent Environment Issues:soil erosion, deforestation, invasive species, overfishingInternational Environment Agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertifiion, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the S, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
PeoplePopulation:217,083 note: prior estimates used official net migration data by sex, but a highly unusual pattern for 1993 ld to a significant imbalance in the sex ratios (more men and fewer women) and a seeming reduction in the female population; the revised total was calculated using a 1993 that was an average of the 1992 and 1994 migration figures (July 2008 est.)Age structure:0-14 yrs: 37.9% (male 41,834/female 40,343)
15-64 yrs: 56.5% (male 64,402/female 58,257)
65 yrs and over: 5.6% (male 5,481/female 6,766) (2008 est.)Median age:total: 20.6 yrs
male: 20.8 yrs
female: 20.4 yrs (2008 est.)Population growth rate:1.322% (2008 est.)Birth rate:28.2 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)Dth rate:5.84 dths/1,000 population (2008 est.)Net migration rate:-9.14 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 yrs: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 yrs: 1.1 male(s)/female
65 yrs and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2008 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 25.04 dths/1,000 live births
male: 29.56 dths/1,000 live births
female: 20.29 dths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 71.58 yrs
male: 68.76 yrs
female: 74.55 yrs (2008 est.)Total fertility rate:4.18 children born/woman (2008 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - dths:NANationality:noun: Samoan(s)
adjective: SamoanEthnic groups:Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians (persons of Europn and Polynesian blood) 7%, Europns 0.4% (2001 census)Religions:Congregationalist 34.8%, Roman holic 19.6%, Methodist 15%, Latter-Day Saints 12.7%, Assembly of God 6.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.5%, Worship Centre 1.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.9%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)Languages:Samoan (Polynesian), EnglishLiteracy:definition: age 15 and over can rd and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.6%
female: 99.7% (2003 est.)
GovernmentCountry name:conventional long form: Independent State of Samoa
conventional short form: Samoa
local long form: Malo Sa'oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa
local short form: Samoa
former: Western SamoaGovernment type:parliamentary democracyCapital:name: Apia
geographic coordinates: 13 50 S, 171 44 W
time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:11 districts; A'ana, Aiga-i-le-Tai, Atua, Fa'asalea, Gaga'emauga, Gagaifomauga, Palauli, Satupa'it, Tuamasaga, Va'a-o-Fonoti, VaisiganoIndependence:1 January 1962 (from New Zland-administered UN trusteeship)National holiday:Independence Day Celebration, 1 June (1962); note - 1 January 1962 is the date of independence from the New Zland-administered UN trusteeship; it is observed in JuneConstitution:1 January 1962Legal system:based on English common law and local customs; judicial review of legislative acts with respect to fundamental rights of the citizen; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdictionSuffrage:21 yrs of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: TUIATUA Tupua Tamasese Efi (since 20 June 2007)
hd of government: Prime Minister Sailele Malielegaoi TUILA'EPA (since 1998); Deputy Prime Minister MISA Telefoni (since 2001)
cabinet: Cabinet consists of 12 members appointed by the chief of state on the prime minister's advice
elections: chief of state is elected by the Legislative Assembly to serve a five-yr term (no term limits); election last held 15 June 2007 (next to be held in 2012); following legislative elections, the lder of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister by the chief of state with the approval of the Legislative Assembly
election results: TUIATUA Tupua Tamasese Efi unanimously elected by the Legislative AssemblyLegislative branch:unicameral Legislative Assembly or Fono (49 sts, 47 elected by voters affiliated with traditional village-based electoral districts, 2 elected by independent, mostly non-Samoan or part-Samoan, voters who cannot, (or choose not to) establish a village affiliation; only chiefs (matai) may stand for election to the Fono from the 47 village-based electorates; members serve five-yr terms)
elections: election last held 31 March 2006 (next election to be held not later than March 2011)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; sts by party - HRPP 35, SDUP 10, independents 4Judicial branch:Court of Appl; Supreme Court; District Court; Land and Titles CourtPolitical parties and lders:Human Rights Protection Party or HRPP [Sailele Malielegaoi TUILA'EPA]; Samoa Christian Party or TCP [Tuala Tiresa MALIETOA]; Samoa Democratic United Party or SDUP [LE MAM Ropati]; Samoa Party or SP [Su'a Rimoni Ah CHONG]; Samoa Progressive Political Party or SPPP [Toeolesulusulu SIUEVA]Political pressure groups and lders:NAInternational organization participation:ACP, ADB, C, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, IPU, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)Diplomatic representation in the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Aliioaiga Feturi ELISAIA
chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400D, New York, NY 10017
telephone: [1] (212) 599-6196, 6197
FAX: [1] (212) 599-0797Diplomatic representation from the US:chief of mission: none; US Ambassador to New Zland is accredited to Samoa
embassy: Accident Corporation Building, 5th Floor, Matafele, Apia
mailing address: P. O. Box 3430, Matafele, Apia
telephone: [685] 21436/21631/21452/22696
FAX: [685] 22030
EconomyThe economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on development aid, family remittances from overss, agriculture, and fishing. The country is vulnerable to devastating storms. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labor force and furnishes 90% of exports, fturing coconut crm, coconut oil, and copra. The fish ch declined during the El Nino of 2002-03 but returned to normal by mid-2005. The manufacturing sector mainly processes agricultural products. One factory in the Foreign Trade Zone employs 3,000 people to make automobile electrical harnesses for an assembly plant in Australia. Tourism is an expanding sector, accounting for 25% of GDP; 122,000 tourists visited the islands in 2007. The Samoan Government has called for deregulation of the financial sector, encouragement of investment, and continued fiscal discipline, while at the same time protecting the environment. Observers point to the flexibility of the labor market as a basic strength for future economic advances. Foreign reserves are in a relatively hlthy state, the external debt is stable, and inflation is low.GDP (purchasing power parity):$1.082 billion (2008 est.)GDP (official exchange rate):$537 million (2008 est.)GDP - rl growth rate:3.1% (2008 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$5,000 (2008 est.)GDP - composition by sector:agriculture: 11.6%
industry: 13.1%
services: 75.3% (2004 est.)Labor force:90,000 (2000 est.)Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%Unemployment rate:NA%Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%Inflation rate (consumer prices):6% (2007 est.)Budget:revenues: $171.3 million
expenditures: $78.1 million (FY04/05 est.)Agriculture - products:
Industries:food processing, building materials, auto partsIndustrial production growth rate:
Electricity - production:109 million kWh (2006 est.)Electricity - consumption:101.4 million kWh (2006 est.)Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2007 est.)Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2007 est.)Oil - production:0 bbl/day (2007 est.)Oil - consumption:1,130 bbl/day (2006 est.)Oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2005)Oil - imports:1,128 bbl/day (2005)Oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2007 est.)Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2007 est.)Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2007 est.)Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2007 est.)Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)Current account balance:-$24 million (2007 est.)Exports:$131 million f.o.b. (2006)Exports - commodities:fish, coconut oil and crm, copra, taro, automotive parts, garments, beerExports - partners:Australia 48.1%, American Samoa 30%, Taiwan 8% (2007)Imports:$324 million f.o.b. (2006)Imports - commodities:machinery and equipment, industrial supplies, foodstuffsImports - partners:NZ 22.1%, Fiji 17.2%, Singapore 16.1%, Australia 7.9%, Japan 6.8%, Indonesia 5.4%, US 5.3% (2007)Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:$70.15 million (FY03/04)Debt - external:$177 million (2004)Market value of publicly traded shares:$NACurrency ():tala (SAT)Exchange rates:tala (SAT) per US dollar - NA (2007), 2.7594 (2006), 2.7103 (2005), 2.7807 (2004), 2.9732 (2003)Fiscal yr:June 1 - May 31
CommuniionsTele in use:19,500 (2005)Cellular in use:86,000 (2007)Telephone system:eral assessment: adequate
domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 50 tele per 100 persons
international: country - 685; satellite rth station - 1 sat (Pacific Ocn)Radio broadcast stations:AM 2, FM 5, shortwave 0 (2004)Television broadcast stations:2 (2002)Internet country :.wsInternet hosts:11,307 (2008)Internet users:8,000 (2006)
TransportationAirports:4 (2007)Airports (paved runways):total: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
under 914 m: 2 (2007)Airports (unpaved runways):total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2007)Roadways:total: 2,337 km
paved: 332 km
unpaved: 2,005 km (2001)Merchant marine:total: 1
by type: cargo 1
foreign-owned: 1 (Cyprus 1) (2008)Ports and terminals:Apia
MilitarySamoa has no formal defense structure or regular armed forces; informal defense ties exist with NZ, which is required to consider any Samoan request for assistance under the 1962 Trty of FriendshipMilitary branches:no regular military forces; Samoa Police Force (2008)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 53,417 (2008 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 42,359 (2008 est.)

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