Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Wallis and Futuna

Wallis and Futuna Population: 15,237
BackgroundThe Futuna island group was discovered by the Dutch in 1616 and Wallis by the British in 1767, but it was the French who declared a protectorate over the islands in 1842. In 1959, the inhabitants of the islands voted to become a French overss territory.Map data ©2009 Europa Technologies - Terms of Use
GeographyBoth island groups have fringing reefs.Loion:Ocnia, islands in the South Pacific Ocn, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New ZlandGeographic coordinates:13 18 S, 176 12 WAr:total: 274 sq km
land: 274 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Ile Uv (Wallis Island), Ile Futuna (Futuna Island), Ile Alofi, and 20 isletsSize comparison: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries:0 kmCoastline:129 kmMaritime claims:territorial s: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical; hot, rainy sson (November to April); cool, dry sson (May to October); rains 2,500-3,000 mm per yr (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees CTerrain:volcanic origin; low hillsElevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocn 0 m
highest point: Mont Singavi 765 mNatural resources:NEGLLand use:arable land: 7.14%
permanent crops: 35.71%
other: 57.15% (2005)Irrigated land:NANatural hazards:NACurrent Environment Issues:deforestation (only small portions of the original forests remain) largely as a result of the continued use of wood as the main fuel source; as a consequence of cutting down the forests, the mountainous terrain of Futuna is particularly prone to erosion; there are no permanent settlements on Alofi because of the lack of natural fresh water resources
PeoplePopulation:15,237 (July 2008 est.)Age structure:0-14 yrs: (male 2,215/female 1,999)
15-64 yrs: (male 4,982/female 4,996)
65 yrs and over: (male 465/female 580)Median age:
Population growth rate:NA (2008 est.)Birth rate:NA (2008 est.)Dth rate:NA (2008 est.)Net migration rate:NA note: there has been stdy emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2008 est.)Sex ratio:
Infant mortality rate:total: NA
male: NA
female: NA (2008 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: NA
male: NA
female: NA (2008 est.)Total fertility rate:NA (2008 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - dths:NANationality:noun: Wallisian(s), Futunan(s), or Wallis and Futuna Islanders
adjective: Wallisian, Futunan, or Wallis and Futuna IslanderEthnic groups:PolynesianReligions:Roman holic 99%, other 1%Languages:Wallisian 58.9% (indious Polynesian language), Futunian 30.1%, French 10.8%, other 0.2% (2003 census)Literacy:definition: age 15 and over can rd and write
total population: 50%
male: 50%
female: 50% (1969 est.)
GovernmentCountry name:conventional long form: Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands
conventional short form: Wallis and Futuna
local long form: Territoire des Iles Wallis et Futuna
local short form: Wallis et FutunaGovernment type:NACapital:name: Mata-Utu (on Ile Uv)
geographic coordinates: 13 57 S, 171 56 W
time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahd of Washington, DC during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:none (overss territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three kingdoms at the second order named Alo, Sigave, WallisIndependence:none (overss territory of France)National holiday:Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)Constitution:4 October 1958 (French Constitution)Legal system:the laws of France, where applicable, applySuffrage:18 yrs of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by High Administrator Philippe PAOLANTONI (since 28 July 2008)
hd of government: President of the Territorial Assembly Pesamino TAPUTAI (since 11 April 2007)
cabinet: Council of the Territory consists of three kings and three members appointed by the high administrator on the advice of the Territorial Assembly
note: there are three traditional kings with limited powers
elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-yr term; high administrator appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; the presidents of the Territorial Government and the Territorial Assembly are elected by the members of the assemblyLegislative branch:unicameral Territorial Assembly or Assemblee Territoriale (20 sts; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-yr terms)
elections: last held 1 April 2007 (next to be held April 2012)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; sts by party - UMP 13, other 7
note: Wallis and Futuna elects one senator to the French Senate and one deputy to the French National Assembly; French Senate - elections last held 21 September 2008 (next to be held by September 2014); results - percent of vote by party - NA; sts - UMP 1; French National Assembly - elections last held 17 June 2007 (next to be held by 2012); results - percent of vote by party - NA; sts - PS 1Judicial branch:justice erally administered under French law by the high administrator, but the three traditional kings administer customary law and there is a magistrate in Mata-Utu; a court of appl is loed in Noum, New CaledoniaPolitical parties and lders:Lua Kae Tahi (Giscardians); Mouvement des Radicaux de Gauche or MRG; Rally for the Republic or RPR (UMP) [Clovis LOGOLOGOFOLAU]; Socialist Party or PS; Taumu'a Lelei [Soane Muni UHILA]; Union Populaire Locale or UPL [Falakiko GATA]; Union Pour la Democratie Francaise or UDFPolitical pressure groups and lders:NAInternational organization participation:PIF (observer), SPC, UPU, WFTUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (overss territory of France)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (overss territory of France)
EconomyThe economy is limited to traditional subsistence agriculture, with about 80% of labor force rnings from agriculture (coconuts and vegetables), livestock (mostly pigs), and fishing. About 4% of the population is employed in government. Revenues come from French Government subsidies, licensing of fishing rights to Japan and South Kor, import taxes, and remittances from expatriate workers in New Caledonia.GDP (purchasing power parity):$60 million (2004 est.)GDP (official exchange rate):$NAGDP - rl growth rate:NA%GDP - per capita (PPP):$3,800 (2004 est.)GDP - composition by sector:agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%Labor force:3,104 (2003)Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 80%
industry: 4%
services: 16% (2001 est.)Unemployment rate:15.2% (2003)Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%Inflation rate (consumer prices):2.8% (2005)Budget:revenues: $29,730
expenditures: $31,330 (2004)Public debt:5.6% of GDP (2004 est.)Agriculture - products:
Industries:copra, handicrafts, fishing, lumberIndustrial production growth rate:
Electricity - production:NA kWhElectricity - consumption:NA kWhElectricity - exports:0 kWh (2002)Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2002)Exports:$47,450 f.o.b. (2004)Exports - commodities:copra, chemicals, construction materialsImports:$61.17 million f.o.b. (2004)Imports - commodities:chemicals, machinery, passenger ships, consumer goodsDebt - external:$3.67 million (2004)Currency ():Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (XPF)Exchange rates:Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar - NA (2007), 95.03 (2006), 95.89 (2005), 96.04 (2004), 105.66 (2003)Fiscal yr:calendar yr
CommuniionsTele in use:1,900 (2002)Cellular in use:NATelephone system:eral assessment: NA
domestic: NA
international: country - 681Radio broadcast stations:AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (2000)Television broadcast stations:2 (2000)Internet country :.wfInternet hosts:1 (2008)Internet users:900 (2002)
TransportationAirports:2 (2007)Airports (paved runways):total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)Airports (unpaved runways):total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)Roadways:
Merchant marine:total: 8
by type: chemical tanker 2, passenger 6
foreign-owned: 8 (France 6, French Polynesia 2) (2008)Ports and terminals:Lva, Mata-Utu
MilitaryDefense is the responsibility of France

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