Wednesday, May 18, 2016


Vanuatu Population: 215,446

Multiple waves of colonizers, ch spking a distinct language, migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceding Europn exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980, when the new name of Vanuatu was adopted.

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A Y-shaped chain of four main islands and 80 smaller islands; several of the islands have active volcanoes.
Ocnia, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocn, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Geographic coordinates:
16 00 S, 167 00 E
total: 12,200 sq km
land: 12,200 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes more than 80 islands, about 65 of which are inhabitedSize comparison: slightly larger than Connecticut
Land Boundaries:
0 km
2,528 km
Maritime claims:
msured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial s: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
tropical; moderated by southst trade winds from May to October; moderate rainfall from November to April; may be affected by cyclones from December to April
mostly mountainous islands of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Pacific Ocn 0 m
highest point: Tabwemasana 1,877 m
Natural resources:
manganese, hardwood forests, fish
Land use:
arable land: 1.64%
permanent crops: 6.97%
other: 91.39% (2005)
Irrigated land:
Natural hazards:
tropical cyclones or typhoons (January to April); volcanic eruption on Aoba (Ambae) island began 27 November 2005, volcanism also causes minor rthquakes; tsunamis
Current Environment Issues:
most of the population does not have access to a reliable supply of potable water; deforestation
International Environment Agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertifiion, Endangered Species, Law of the S, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

215,446 (July 2008 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 yrs: 31.3% (male 34,441/female 33,000)
15-64 yrs: 64.8% (male 71,159/female 68,435)
65 yrs and over: 3.9% (male 4,352/female 4,059) (2008 est.)
Median age:
total: 23.8 yrs
male: 23.8 yrs
female: 23.8 yrs (2008 est.)
Population growth rate:
1.434% (2008 est.)
Birth rate:
21.95 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Dth rate:
7.61 dths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate:
NA (2008 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 yrs: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 yrs: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 yrs and over: 1.07 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 50.77 dths/1,000 live births
male: 53.32 dths/1,000 live births
female: 48.09 dths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 63.61 yrs
male: 62.04 yrs
female: 65.27 yrs (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate:
2.57 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
HIV/AIDS - dths:
noun: Ni-Vanuatu (singular and plural)
adjective: Ni-Vanuatu
Ethnic groups:
Ni-Vanuatu 98.5%, other 1.5% (1999 Census)
Presbyterian 31.4%, Anglican 13.4%, Roman holic 13.1%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, other Christian 13.8%, indious beliefs 5.6% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 9.6%, none 1%, unspecified 1.3% (1999 Census)
local languages (more than 100) 72.6%, pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama) 23.1%, English 1.9%, French 1.4%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.7% (1999 Census)
definition: age 15 and over can rd and write
total population: 74%
male: NA
female: NA (1999 census)

Country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Vanuatu
conventional short form: Vanuatu
local long form: Ripablik blong Vanuatu
local short form: Vanuatu
former: New Hebrides
Government type:
parliamentary republic
name: Port-Vila (on Efate)
geographic coordinates: 17 44 S, 168 19 E
time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahd of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions:
6 provinces; Malampa, Penama, Sanma, Shefa, Taf, Torba
30 July 1980 (from France and UK)
National holiday:
Independence Day, 30 July (1980)
30 July 1980
Legal system:
unified system being crted from former dual French and British systems; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
18 yrs of age; universal
Executive branch:
chief of state: President Kalkot Matas KELEKELE (since 16 August 2004)
hd of government: Prime Minister Edward NATAPEI (since 22 September 2008); Deputy Prime Minister Ham LINI (since 22 September 2008)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, responsible to Parliament
elections: president elected for a five-yr term by an electoral college consisting of Parliament and the presidents of the regional councils; election for president last held 16 August 2004 (next to be held in 2009); following legislative elections, the lder of the majority party or majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by Parliament from among its members; election for prime minister last held 22 September 2008 (next to be held following eral elections in 2012)
election results: Kalkot Matas KELEKELE elected president, with 49 votes out of 56, after several ballots on 16 August 2004
Legislative branch:
unicameral Parliament (52 sts; members elected by popular vote to serve four-yr terms)
elections: last held 2 September 2008 (next to be held 2012)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; sts by party - VP 11, NUP 8, UMP 7, VRP 7, PPP 4, GC 2, MPP 1, NA 1, NAG 1, PAP 1, Shepherds Alliance 1, VFFP 1, VLP 1, VNP 1, VPRFP 1, and independent 4; note - political party associations are fluid
note: the National Council of Chiefs advises on matters of culture and language
Judicial branch:
Supreme Court (chief justice is appointed by the president after consultation with the prime minister and the lder of the opposition, three other justices are appointed by the president on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission)
Political parties and lders:
Greens Confederation or GC [Moana CARCASSES]; Jon Frum Movement or JF [Song KSPAI]; Melanesian Progressive Party or MPP [Barak SOPE]; Nagriamel movement or NAG [Havo MOLI]; Namangi Aute or NA [Paul TELUKLUK]; National United Party or NUP [Ham LINI]; People's Action Party or PAP [Peter VUTA]; People's Progressive Party or PPP [Sato KILMAN]; Shepherds Alliance Party [lder NA]; Union of Moderate Parties or UMP [Serge VOHOR]; Vanuatu Family First Party or VFFP [Eta RORI]; Vanuatu Labor Party or VLP [Joshua KALSAKAU]; Vanuatu National Party or VNP [Issac HAMARILIU]; Vanua'aku Pati (Our Land Party) or VP [Edward NATAPEI]; Vanuatu Republican Party or VRP [Maxime Carlot KORMAN]; Vanuatu Republican Farmers Party or VPRFP [Jn RAVOU]
Political pressure groups and lders:
International organization participation:
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Vanuatu does not have an embassy in the US; it does, however, have a Permanent Mission to the UN
Diplomatic representation from the US:
the US does not have an embassy in Vanuatu; the ambassador to Papua New Guin is accredited to Vanuatu

This South Pacific island economy is based primarily on small-scale agriculture, which provides a living for over 70% of the population. Fishing, offshore financial services, and tourism, with more than 167,000 visitors in 2007, are other mainstays of the economy. Mineral deposits are negligible; the country has no known petroleum deposits. A small light industry sector ers to the local market. Tax revenues come mainly from import duties. Economic development is hindered by dependence on relatively few commodity exports, vulnerability to natural disasters, and long distances from main markets and between constituent islands. In response to foreign concerns, the government has promised to tighten regulation of its offshore financial center. In mid-2002 the government stepped up efforts to boost tourism through improved air connections, resort development, and cruise ship facilities. Agriculture, especially livestock farming, is a second target for growth. Australia and New Zland are the main suppliers of tourists and foreign aid.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
$1.01 billion (2008 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
$560 million (2008 est.)
GDP - rl growth rate:
6.5% (2008 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
$4,700 (2008 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 26%
industry: 12%
services: 62% (2000 est.)
Labor force:
76,410 (1999)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 65%
industry: 5%
services: 30% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate:
1.7% (1999)
Population below poverty line:
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.9% (2007 est.)
revenues: $78.7 million
expenditures: $72.23 million (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products:

food and fish freezing, wood processing, mt canning
Industrial production growth rate:

Electricity - production:
46 million kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - consumption:
39.99 million kWh (2006 est.)
Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2007 est.)
Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2007 est.)
Oil - consumption:
660 bbl/day (2006 est.)
Oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - imports:
671.1 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)
Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)
Current account balance:
-$60 million (2007 est.)
$40 million f.o.b. (2006)
Exports - commodities:
copra, beef, cocoa, timber, kava, coffee
Exports - partners:
Thailand 58.3%, India 18.5%, Japan 11.3% (2007)
$156 million c.i.f. (2006)
Imports - commodities:
machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, fuels
Imports - partners:
Australia 20.7%, Singapore 11.8%, NZ 11.2%, Norway 8.5%, US 8.3%, Fiji 8.1%, China 7.2%, New Caledonia 4.5% (2007)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$40.54 million (2003)
Debt - external:
$81.2 million (2004)
Market value of publicly traded shares:
Currency ():
vatu (VUV)
Exchange rates:
vatu (VUV) per US dollar - NA (2007), 111.93 (2006), NA (2005), 111.79 (2004), 122.19 (2003)
Fiscal yr:
calendar yr

Tele in use:
8,800 (2007)
Cellular in use:
26,000 (2007)
Telephone system:
eral assessment: NA
domestic: NA
international: country - 678; satellite rth station - 1 sat (Pacific Ocn)
Radio broadcast stations:
AM 2, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2001)
Television broadcast stations:
1 (2004)
Internet country :
Internet hosts:
990 (2008)
Internet users:
17,000 (2007)

31 (2007)
Airports (paved runways):
total: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Airports (unpaved runways):
total: 28
914 to 1,523 m: 6
under 914 m: 22 (2007)
total: 1,070 km
paved: 256 km
unpaved: 814 km (1999)
Merchant marine:
total: 54
by type: bulk carrier 32, cargo 8, container 1, liquefied gas 2, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 4, vehicle carrier 5
foreign-owned: 54 (Australia 2, Beium 4, Canada 5, Estonia 1, Greece 1, Japan 29, Monaco 1, Poland 7, Russia 2, Switzerland 1, US 1) (2008)
Ports and terminals:
Forari, Port-Vila, Santo (Espiritu Santo)


Military branches:
no regular military forces; Vanuatu Police Force (VPF), Vanuatu Mobile Force (VMF; includes Police Maritime Wing (PMW)) (2008)
Manpower available for military service:
males age 16-49: 58,900 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:
males age 16-49: 40,577 (2008 est.)

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